Asthma Management Handbook
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Table. Conditions that can be confused with asthma in children

Conditions characterised by cough

Pertussis (whooping cough)

Cystic fibrosis

Airway abnormalities (e.g. tracheomalacia, bronchomalacia)

Protracted bacterial bronchitis in young children

Habit-cough syndrome

Conditions characterised by wheezing

Upper airway dysfunction

Inhaled foreign body causing partial airway obstruction

Tracheomalacia

Conditions characterised by difficulty breathing

Hyperventilation

Anxiety

Breathlessness on exertion due to poor cardiopulmonary fitness

Source

Weinberger M, Abu-Hasan M. Pseudo-asthma: when cough, wheezing, and dyspnea are not asthma. Pediatrics 2007; 120: 855-64. Available from: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/120/4/855.full

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